An Empirical Roofline Methodology for Quantitatively Assessing Performance Portability
Event Type
Registration Categories
Heterogeneous Systems
TimeFriday, November 16th8:55am - 9:10am
DescriptionSystem and node architectures continue to diversify to better balance on-node computation, memory capacity, memory bandwidth, interconnect bandwidth, power, and cost for specific computational workloads. For many applications developers, however, achieving performance portability (effectively exploiting the capabilities of multiple architectures) is a desired goal. Unfortunately, dramatically different per-node performance coupled with differences in machine balance can lead to developers being unable to determine whether they have attained performance portability or simply written portable code. The Roofline model provides a means of quantitatively assessing how well a given application makes use of a target platform's computational capabilities. In this paper, we extend the Roofline model so that it 1) empirically captures a more realistic set of performance bounds for CPUs and GPUs, 2) factors in the true cost of different floating-point instructions when counting FLOPs, 3) incorporates the effects of different memory access patterns, and 4) with appropriate pairing of code performance and Roofline ceiling, facilitates the performance portability analysis.
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